Stay Physically Fit Archives - PuneDiary.Com https://punediary.com/tag/stay-physically-fit/ Each & Everything About Pune Tue, 27 Apr 2021 04:56:20 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=6.2.5 https://punediary.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/cropped-pen-32x32.png Stay Physically Fit Archives - PuneDiary.Com https://punediary.com/tag/stay-physically-fit/ 32 32 Need for deworming in adults https://punediary.com/need-for-deworming-in-adults/ https://punediary.com/need-for-deworming-in-adults/#respond Tue, 27 Apr 2021 04:56:20 +0000 https://punediary.com/?p=4405 Need for deworming among adults

All of us know deworming is crucial for kids and it is followed as a process. But how many of us know that deworming is equally important to adults as well?. That sudden flash of abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhoea could be due to the worms in the intestine. The change in lifestyle, time constraints have […]

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Need for deworming among adults

All of us know deworming is crucial for kids and it is followed as a process. But how many of us know that deworming is equally important to adults as well?. That sudden flash of abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhoea could be due to the worms in the intestine.

The change in lifestyle, time constraints have made us depend on the outside food. The unwashed vegetables, untreated milk, dirty water is an opening for the worms to reach our stomach.

Tapeworm, roundworm and hookworms are the major types of worms that infest the walls of the stomach. These worms can feed off the nutrition in our body and these worms may migrate to the lungs, brain, eyes etc.

Worm infestation is common among children as they affect their growth and development. Similarly, they can affect adults as well. Even though in most cases worm infestation is not a life-threatening infection but it can lead to various clinical problems. Therefore, deworming is important both in kids and adults.

Fever, abdominal pain, itching at the rectal area, loss of weight and appetite, tiredness, anaemia along with loose stools and vomiting are the major signs of worm infestation. If deworming is ignored, these worms have the ability to form cysts in the liver and lungs leading to pneumonia and other neurological conditions.

How do worms enter the human body?

  • Using vegetables without washing
  • Undercooked meat
  • Drinking dirty water
  • Swimming in a pool with untreated water
  • Not washing hands before eating food
  • Lick from the pet’s

While deworming among children has gained attention worldwide but deworming among adults remains an unnoticed issue. Similar to kids, deworming need to be done in several stages for adults. Infections due to certain worms may lead to loss of iron from the blood resulting in anaemia. Pregnant women are at high risk due to worm infection as they may develop anaemia during pregnancy leading to multiple problems for the foetus.

These worm infections are observed to be more common where people are surrounded by poor sewage disposal, inadequate water treatment and poor food sanitation.

Maintaining personal hygiene and household cleanliness is of utmost importance to prevent infestation. Some steps that can be followed as a daily practice are:

  • Washing vegetables and fruits before consumption. Make sure that you wash them as soon as you get them from outside. Cleaning the green leafy vegetables with utmost care is important as many times leaves will have tiny worms which may go unnoticed.
  • Cut your nails regularly
  • Ensure that the toilets, bedroom and laundry area are disinfected.
  • Thoroughly wash clothes, towels and bed linen
  • Washing the hands regularly especially after using the washroom as well as before and after meals must be a habit

Deworming medication helps eliminate the worm existing in the intestine but specific treatment needs to be done for different worms and symptoms secondary to it. A simple stool test confirms the worm infestation in most cases.

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Health management tips for people suffering from kidney disease https://punediary.com/health-management-tips-for-people-suffering-from-kidney-disease/ https://punediary.com/health-management-tips-for-people-suffering-from-kidney-disease/#respond Fri, 12 Mar 2021 05:25:44 +0000 https://punediary.com/?p=4138 Dr. Veerabhadra Guptha K, Senior Consultant, Nephrology, Aster RV Hospital

Kidney disease affects millions of people all over the world and is known as a silent killer. Quite often it does not exhibit any symptoms in the initial stages and the disorder goes undetected till it has reached an advanced stage. A person suffering from kidney disease, on dialysis, or having undergone a transplant must […]

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Dr. Veerabhadra Guptha K, Senior Consultant, Nephrology, Aster RV Hospital

Kidney disease affects millions of people all over the world and is known as a silent killer. Quite often it does not exhibit any symptoms in the initial stages and the disorder goes undetected till it has reached an advanced stage. A person suffering from kidney disease, on dialysis, or having undergone a transplant must take extra care to avoid additional stress to the kidneys. Here are some health management tips for people suffering from kidney disease

  • Hydration is important but is careful

Water plays a key role in flushing out toxins from the body and healthy people are typically advised to drink about 8-10 glasses of water per day. For kidney patients, however, too much water or fluids puts excessive stress on the kidneys and can make dialysis painful, lead to water retention, fluid build-up in the lungs, higher blood pressure, and heart issues. Fluid intake includes not just water but fruit juices, milk, tea, coffee, and water-rich fruits and vegetables. Ideally, healthy urine should be pale yellow or colorless whereas dark yellow urine indicates dehydration.

Dialysis patients must consume only as much fluid as advised by their doctor.

  • Watch your diet

Diet is a key factor in managing kidney disorders. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, it becomes difficult for the body to remove toxins, excess nutrients, and waste. In such patients, not everything can be digested properly and excreted by the body easily.

  • Avoid Sodium-Rich Foods

Avoid high-sodium foods such as chips, fried foods, biscuits, salted nuts, pickles, sausages, certain types of meat, etc. Excessive sodium intake increases blood pressure and puts pressure on the kidneys, which can lead to further health complications. The body tends to retain water when sodium levels are high, leading to symptoms such as difficulty breathing, fluid build-up, and swelling in the feet.

  • Limit Intake of Phosphorus-Containing Foods

People with kidney disease cannot process phosphorous easily however since most food items contain this mineral; it may not be possible to completely avoid it. When the phosphorous level is high, the body tries to absorb calcium from the bones in order to achieve balance. This has a direct impact on the bones and leads to bone weakening and higher susceptibility to fractures. Kidney patients can avoid or limit the consumption of food items such as bananas, milk, meat, guava, etc which are high in phosphorous.

  • Restrict Consumption of High-Potassium Foods

Similarly, patients with kidney impairment cannot remove excess potassium adequately and over time this can lead to building up. Excess potassium can lead to heart failure. Foods with high potassium content such as coconut, coconut, and its water, potato, sweet potato, green papaya, spinach, coriander leaves, amaranth, chocolates, instant coffee, etc must be avoided. ORS powder is also rich in potassium and patients suffering from kidney issues or on certain medications should restrain from using that without a prescription.

  • Keep a Check on Protein Levels

Protein-rich foods contain a high amount of purines which increase the production of uric acid in the body. This in turn leads to uric acid stones causing damage to the kidneys. Hence it is crucial to keep a regular check on the protein levels and follow a diet that does not contain a lot of proteins.

  • Stay Physically Fit

Kidney patients are at high risk of weight gain, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disorders. Regular and light physical activity such as brisk walking, jogging, skipping, swimming, cycling, etc is advised to maintain kidney health and keep potential comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension at bay. In patients with early kidney disease, regular and appropriate exercise could also potentially reverse the damage.

  • Smoking, Alcohol, and Drugs

Smoking is highly injurious to your health in any form – active or passive. It can increase the chance of heart disorders and kidney cancer. If you are suffering from kidney disorders, it is advisable that you quit smoking completely. Alcohol and other drugs can worsen the condition of the kidneys and cause irreparable damage.

  • Consume Medications only as Prescribed

Long-term use of pain medications, drugs, antibiotics, protein shakes or vitamin supplements, etc can cause great damage to the kidneys. If you are diagnosed with any kidney disorder, make sure your doctor knows about any OTC medications and protein or vitamin supplements that you may be taking.

  • Seek professional help and community support

Managing a chronic health condition can be tough and overwhelming. It is important to speak to your doctor, therapist, family, and friends whenever you need help. Proper medical care and support can go a long way in ensuring a patient’s overall well-being. Depression is a major indicator for adverse events, morbidity, and mortality when it comes to renal failure, and hence a positive mindset important to cope with it.

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